Students from Tustamena Elementary School join classes from around the central Kenai Peninsula for a day of ice fishing with the Alaska Department of Fish and Game on Sport Lake on Thursday, Feb. 27, 2020 near Soldotna, Alaska. (Photo by Victoria Petersen/Peninsula Clarion)

Students from Tustamena Elementary School join classes from around the central Kenai Peninsula for a day of ice fishing with the Alaska Department of Fish and Game on Sport Lake on Thursday, Feb. 27, 2020 near Soldotna, Alaska. (Photo by Victoria Petersen/Peninsula Clarion)

Fish and Game dives into ice fishing

The department hosted an online forum with tips on the winter sport.

“Versatility in your ice fishing gear is important.”

That’s the stance of Ryan Ragan, a program coordinator with the Alaska Department of Fish and Game, who led an online forum about ice fishing for the department last week. The seminar, called “Ice Fishing Gear, Tips and Tactics,” serves as an all-in-one guide on how to ice fish in Southcentral Alaska.

Ragan said personal safety, comfort on the water and equipment are key factors in planning an ice fishing excursion. For example, he said he won’t go out on ice thinner than 4 inches and always brings three pairs of gloves in the event one pair gets wet. That, of course, is in addition to making sure he’s carrying a valid current year sport fishing license and a copy of the current year sport fishing regulations.

On equipment “essential” to ice fishing, Ragan was clear: an auger, a bucket, a shovel, an ice scoop, an ice rod and a tip-up. Auger type, he said, really comes down to how much work the angler wants to put in. Some can dig holes by hand cranking, while others that are gas powered get the job done quickly.

Then comes the ice scoop, which is used to remove residual ice from the hole, and a shovel, which helps clear snow away from the hole. When it comes to actually catching fish, the need for an ice rod is a given. They’re shorter than other rods because they don’t need to be cast; often, the angler sits above the hole and jigs it.

Other nonessential items, Ragan said, include things like a tent, a space heater and a spud bar. Spud bars are useful for digging holes in ice that isn’t too thick, but don’t compare to tools like augers, he said.

Other nonessentials are electronic tools, which include depth sounders and cameras, which can detect movement of fish at different depths.

“The question will come up like ‘Are electronics really worth it?’ If you ask me, I will absolutely say yes,” Ragan.

But what about actually catching fish? That begins with scoping out a spot on the lake. One pro tip, Ragan said, is to start at the edge of the lake and see if anyone has fished there recently. Things to look for include holes already dug, pieces of bait or blood that may indicate a specific site was successful.

What type of fish someone is after will then determine an angler’s next moves. If someone has northern pike on their mind, for example, Ragan recommends using a tip-up in shallow water. Tip-ups allow an angler to step away from the fishing hole — a flag raises if a fish takes the bait.

Ragan said he usually uses herring and hooligan as bait on a wire leader strong enough to withstand northern pike’s sharp teeth. If he’s trying to catch a big pike, he’ll use a whole herring and put the hook through the fish’s dorsal fin before lowering it to just under the ice.

“The reason I do this is (because) I like to give this fish as much of a natural presentation as I possibly can,” Ragan said.

That’s not the case if he’s trying to snag a stocked species, such as rainbow trout, landlocked salmon or arctic char, in which case he’s more apt to use something like cured shrimp or cured salmon. As with fishing gear, Ragan said versatility is important.

“Experiment with this stuff,” Ragan said. “This is just about learning. It’s about finding what works for you on that particular day.”

The full forum can be viewed on ADF&G’s YouTube channel.

Reach reporter Ashlyn O’Hara at

More in News

Data from the state of Alaska show a steep increase in COVID-19 cases in January 2022. (Department of Health and Social Services)
Omicron drives COVID spike in Alaska as officials point to decreasing cases in eastern US

On Friday, the seven-day average number of daily cases skyrocketed to 2,234.6 per 100,000 people

Dana Zigmund/Juneau Empire
Dan Blanchard, CEO of UnCruise Adventures, stands in front of a ship on May 14, 2021.
Smooth sailing for the 2022 season?

Cautious optimism reigns, but operators say it’s too early to tell.

Former Alaska Assistant Attorney General Elizabeth Bakalar speaks a news conference on Jan. 10, 2019, in Anchorage, Alaska, after she sued the state. A federal judge on Thursday, Jan. 20, 2022, ruled that Bakalar was wrongfully terminated by the then-new administration of Alaska Gov. Mike Dunleavy for violating her freedom of speech rights. (AP File Photo/Mark Thiessen, File)
Judge sides with attorney who alleged wrongful firing

Alaska judge says the firing violated free speech and associational rights under the U.S. and state constitutions.

Kenai Mayor Brian Gabriel (left) swears in student representative Silas Thibodeau at the Kenai City Council meeting on Wednesday, Jan. 19, 2022. (Camille Botello/Peninsula Clarion)
Kenai junior sworn in as council student rep

Thibodeau says he wants to focus on inclusivity and kindness during his term

Branden Bornemann, executive director of the Kenai Watershed Forum, celebrates the 25th anniversary of the forum on Thursday, Jan. 20, 2022. (Camille Botello/Peninsula Clarion)
‘A voice for this river’

Forum reflects on 25 years protecting peninsula watershed

The University of Alaska Fairbanks Alaska Earthquake Center provides information on a 5.1 magnitude earthquake that struck at approximately 8:18 p.m. on Thursday, Jan. 20, 2022. The quake struck approximately 17 miles southeast of Redoubt volcano or 41 miles southwest of Kenai, Alaska, at a depth of 72.8 miles. (Screenshot)
Quake near Redoubt shakes peninsula

The quake was centered 41 miles southwest of Kenai.

Most Read