In this July 2016 photo, the Russian River rushes under a bridge along the Russian River Trail near Cooper Landing, Alaska. (Elizabeth Earl/Peninsula Clarion, file)

In this July 2016 photo, the Russian River rushes under a bridge along the Russian River Trail near Cooper Landing, Alaska. (Elizabeth Earl/Peninsula Clarion, file)

HB 199 gets hearing, won’t pass this year

The push a group of fisheries activists made to get a section of Alaska law overhauled is making its way through the Legislature, but won’t pass this year.

House Bill 199, sponsored by representatives Louise Stutes (R-Kodiak) and Andy Josephson (D-Anchorage), would overhaul Alaska Statute Title 16, which sets out the procedures for the commissioner of the Alaska Department of Fish and Game to issue permits for operations in fish habitat. Currently, the law states that the commissioner shall issue a permit unless the action is deemed “insufficient for the proper protection of fish and game” resources, but the law does not define what “proper protection” means.

Last year, a group of more than a dozen stakeholders from around Cook Inlet — including sport, subsistence and commercial fishermen in a rare alignment of interests — submitted a non-regulatory proposal to the Board of Fisheries requesting that the board ask the Legislature to overhaul the law. During a worksession held in Soldotna in October 2016, supporters testified about a variety of concerns for fish habitat, particularly about proposed mining projects like the Pebble Mine and the Chuitna Coal Mine.

The Board of Fisheries agreed to author the letter and submitted it to the Legislature in January. Stutes, whose district includes communities heavily dependent on the fishing industry, introduced the bill in March.

However, at a House Fisheries Committee meeting Wednesday, she clarified that she didn’t want the bill to pass this year. She clarified that her intent was not to put anyone out of business but to ensure clean fish habitat.

“I am putting this bill forward to begin the public process so that it can be vetted totally, clearly, fully over the interim,” she said. “I do not want to move this legislation in the house fisheries committee this season.”

The bill sets out a variety of standards, including creating major and minor tiers for permits based on the level of proposed habitat damage. The major permits would require a 30-day public comment period, one of the main sticking points for the proponents, who have said even those living nearby don’t know when an organization has applied for a permit to work in an anadromous stream.

It would also require Fish and Game to assume that a stream is anadromous until proven otherwise. One of the points the proponents pushed is that the Anadromous Waters Catalog that the state has compiled is woefully incomplete and the commissioner should assume that a stream has native fish rather than not requiring a permit if the state has no information on the fish population there.

There are a lot of streams that the state has not catalogued, but it’s not 50 percent like some of the proponents have said — it’s closer to 60 percent, said Ron Benkert with Fish and Game’s Habitat Division in Wasilla during testimony to the House Fisheries Committee.

He said one reason it looks like the state hardly denies any permits is that the Habitat Division works with the companies on their plans to better comply with habitat conservation before approving the permits. Some groups also choose to withdraw their permits because the standards for habitat protection will be too onerous, so they agree to avoid the habitat area, he said.

“Because we negotiate so much with applicants, what comes in on our desk is definitely not what goes out the door,” he said.

There is a fundamental schism between supporters and opponents on the bill: supporters say there’s a problem and opponents say there isn’t. Fisherman Mike Wood, who operates a commercial set gillnet site near the mouth of the Ivan River, near the Susitna River’s mouth, would have been impacted by two major developments — the proposed Susitna-Watana Hydroelectric Project, a dam on the upper Susitna River, and the Chuitna Coal Mine on the Chuitna River. Both have been suspended indefinitely, but Wood told the House Fisheries Committee they’re both examples of why the habitat permitting process needs to be reformed.

“There may be some groups that say ‘Yeah, it’s working,’” he said. “…But I think we need to strike a balance between the people in the conservation side for fish and the people in the mining or extraction other industries, that we’re both comfortable, all sides are being looked at and weighed equally, and we can trust the state’s permitting process to do that.”

Industry organizations protested heavily, calling the bill “fundamentally flawed” and urging the committee members to drop it. Marleanna Hall, executive director of the Resource Development Council, told the committee the bill would increase costs for developers and negatively impact Alaska’s economy. The businesses, which signed onto a joint letter opposing the bill, don’t want to reduce regulations, but want to see the current system continue, she said.

“The intent to safeguard Alaska’s salmon fisheries is an objective that we all share, which is why we support Alaska’s existing, rigorous, science-based system,” she said.

Taylor Horne, the environmental project manager for the Alaska Department of Transportation and Public Facilities, said the department often has to obtain fish habitat permits for its road and bridge projects. DOT’s process includes a public comment period, so people do often get to weigh in when DOT is planning to construct a road that crosses a salmon stream, for example. The permitting process already takes a long time, so Horne asked the committee to keep the conversation open with DOT when working on the bill.

“The Department of Transportation would value you to consider that conversation when advancing HB 199 and also consider the amount of time it takes to go through the permitting process for most of DOT’s projects,” he said.

At the end of the meeting, Stutes reiterated that this was the first of a long series of meetings to gather public input and develop a law that take into account all perspectives.

Reach Elizabeth Earl at

More in News

Golden-yellow birch trees and spruce frame a view of Aurora Lagoon and Portlock Glacier from a trail in the Cottonwood-Eastland Unit of Kachemak Bay State Park off East End Road on Sunday, Oct. 3, 2021, near Homer, Alaska. (Photo by Michael Armstrong)
State parks advisory boards accepting applictions

Alaska State Park advisory boards provide state park managers with recommendations on management issues

A recently added port-a-potty is available in the parking lot of Slikok Multi-Use Trails on Thursday, Feb. 2, 2023, in Soldotna, Alaska. (Jake Dye/Peninsula Clarion)
Slikok makes sanitation upgrades

A port-a-potty was installed to due to the increased popularity of the trails

Sen. Dan Sullivan speaks at the Kenai Classic Roundtable at Kenai Peninsula College on Wednesday, Aug. 17, 2022, near Soldotna, Alaska. (Ashlyn O’Hara/Peninsula Clarion)
Local students nominated to compete for appointments in military academies

Students interested in pursuing appointment to the military service academies can apply for nomination through their state’s congressional delegation

Kenai resident Barbara Kennedy testifies in support of allowing more city residents to own chickens during a city council meeting on Wednesday, Feb.1, 2023, in Kenai, Alaska. (Ashlyn O’Hara/Peninsula Clarion)
Kenai council bumps back vote on chicken ordinance

The ordinance would allow Kenai residents to keep up to 12 chicken hens on certain lots

Sens. Löki Tobin, D-Anchorage, right, who chairs the Senate Education Committee, and Bert Stedman, R-Sitka, co-chair of the Senate Finance Committee, discuss a bill proposing a nearly 17% increase in per-student education funding Wednesday at the Alaska State Capitol. (Mark Sabbatini /Juneau Empire)
State Senate bill would bump per-student funding amount by $1,000

If approved, the legislation would bump state education funding by more than $257 million

Recognizable components make up this metal face seen in a sculpture by Jacob Nabholz Tuesday, Jan. 31, 2023, at the Kenai Art Center, in Kenai, Alaska, as part of Metalwork & Play. (Jake Dye/Peninsula Clarion)
Metalwork gets time to shine

Metal is on showcase this month at the Kenai Art Center

This 2019 aerial photo provided by ConocoPhillips shows an exploratory drilling camp at the proposed site of the Willow oil project on Alaska’s North Slope. The Biden administration issued a long-awaited study on Wednesday, Feb. 1, 2023, that recommends allowing three oil drilling sites in the region of far northern Alaska. The move, while not final, has angered environmentalists who see it as a betrayal of President Joe Biden’s pledges to reduce carbon emissions and promote green energy. (ConocoPhillips via AP)
Biden administration recommends major Alaska oil project

The move — while not final — drew immediate anger from environmentalists

Homer Electric Association General Manager Brad Janorschke testifies before the Senate Resources Committee on Wednesday, Feb. 1, 2023, in Juneau, Alaska. (Screenshot via Gavel Alaska)
Senate group briefed on future of Cook Inlet gas

Demand for Cook Inlet gas could outpace supply as soon as 2027

Most Read